In more detail, it extended from what today is northwest Pakistan to northwest India and northeast Afghanistan. The root name "Afghān" is, according to some scholars, derived from the name of the Aśvakan or Assakan, ancient inhabitants of the Hindu Kush region. It is biggest 41.country in the World and has square 652 thousands kilometer area. Taxis are yellow in color and consist of both cars and auto rickshaws. Though this is a misconception, Afghanistan is near the Middle Eastern Region of the world. The transformation of Camp Dwyer in Helmand Province reflects the shifting strategy for troops fighting in Afghanistan, where on Oct 4. the 2,414th American was killed. Fateh Khan, leader of the Barakzai tribe, had installed 21 of his brothers in positions of power throughout the empire. [252][253] However many issues regarding human rights exist contrary to the law, often committed by local tribes, lawmakers and hardline clerics. Afghanistan is a country with a medium population which is located in the continent/region of Asia. After 2000 BCE, successive waves of semi-nomadic people from Central Asia began moving south into Afghanistan; among them were many Indo-European-speaking Indo-Iranians. [230][231] In the same period, Afghanistan became the 30th highest nation in terms of female representation in the National Assembly. [309][310] Smaller numbers visit and trek in regions such as the Wakhan Valley, which is also one of the world's most remote communities. [307] Currently under development are the CASA-1000 project which will transmit electricity from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline. In April 1978, the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) seized power in a bloody coup d'état against then-President Mohammed Daoud Khan, in what is called the Saur Revolution. It is a landlocked country that is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China. In addition to fertile soils, the region possesses rich mineral resources, particularly deposits of natural gas. Carpet weaving is an ancient practice in Afghanistan, and many of these are still handmade by tribal and nomadic people today. The country has numerou… It won the ACC Twenty20 Cup in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2013. Noshaq, with an elevation of 24,580 feet, is the highest point in Afghanistan. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) was established in 2002 to help the country recover from decades of war. Where Is Afghanistan Located? An inscription on the tombstone of Darius I of Persia mentions the Kabul Valley in a list of the 29 countries that he had conquered. The institution of slavery was abolished in 1923. Afghanistan had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 8.85/10, ranking it 15th globally out of 172 countries.[190]. [351] Demographic and Health Surveys is working with the Indian Institute of Health Management Research and others to conduct a survey in Afghanistan focusing on maternal death, among other things. Every year hundreds of Afghan police are killed in the line of duty. [396] Afghanistan is known for its high quality pomegranates, grapes, and sweet melons. Following the conquest by Mauryan Indians, Buddhism and Hinduism flourished in the region for centuries. Afghanistan also has diplomatic relations with neighboring China, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, including with regional states such as Bangladesh, Japan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Russia, South Korea, and the UAE. Soon thereafter, anti-Taliban forces agreed to a period of transitional leadership and an administration that would lead to a new constitution and the establishment of a democratically elected government. [18] After Timur's death in 1793, the Durrani throne passed down to his son Zaman Shah, followed by Mahmud Shah, Shuja Shah and others. Under the rule of Shah Rukh the city served as the focal point of the Timurid Renaissance, whose glory matched Florence of the Italian Renaissance as the center of a cultural rebirth. Hamid Karzai (born 1957) served two terms as … [26] Historically, the ethnonym Afghān was used to refer to ethnic Pashtuns. [233] Nearly a hundred new parties were registered after the law came into effect,[234] and party activity increased in the 2014 elections, but party influence remained limited.[235]. The country has three rail links: one, a 75-kilometer (47 mi) line from Mazar-i-Sharif to the Uzbekistan border;[327] a 10-kilometer (6.2 mi) long line from Toraghundi to the Turkmenistan border (where it continues as part of Turkmen Railways); and a short link from Aqina across the Turkmen border to Kerki, which is planned to be extended further across Afghanistan. Despite that, archaeologists are still finding Buddhist relics in different parts of the country, some of them dating back to the 2nd century. [224], Under the 2004 constitution, both presidential and parliamentary elections are to be held every five years. [375], Pottery has been crafted in Afghanistan for millennia. [395] The nation's culinary specialties reflect its ethnic and geographic diversity. ", "How Afghanistan's mixed messages on homosexuality play into the Orlando shooting debate", "Afghanistan's Love-Hate Relationship With Homosexuality", "Afghanistan: More action needed to stop killings of human rights defenders", "Karzai Woos India Inc. as Delay on U.S. Pact Deters Billions", "Field Listing :: GDP – composition, by sector of origin – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", "The Taliban Is Capturing Afghanistan's $1 Trillion in Mining Wealth", "Interest Rate Cut in Place, Says Central Bank", "Afghani Falls Against Dollar By 3% In A Month", "Afghan Companies Say U.S. Did Not Pay Them", "Sales of Afghanistan's renowned carpets unravel as war intensifies", "Unlocking the Potential of Agriculture for Afghanistan's Growth", "AAN Q&A: An established industry – Basic facts about Afghanistan's opium-driven economy", "Afghanistan now world's top cannabis source: U.N.", https://www.arabnews.com/node/1602281/world, https://tolonews.com/afghanistan/28053-afghan-saffron-worlds-best, http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-12/25/c_138657013.htm, "Afghans say US team found huge potential mineral wealth", "Afghanistan signs '$7 bn' oil deal with China", China, Not U.S., Likely to Benefit from Afghanistan's Mineral Riches, "China Willing to Spend Big on Afghan Commerce", Indian Group Wins Rights to Mine in Afghanistan's Hajigak, "U.S. Identifies Vast Riches of Minerals in Afghanistan". In the semi-desert northern plains, wildlife include a variety of birds, hedgehogs, gophers, and large carnivores such as jackals and hyenas. [211][212], As estimated by the CIA World Factbook, 26% of the population was urbanized as of 2020. The National Military Academy of Afghanistan, modeled after the United States Military Academy at West Point, is a four-year military development institution dedicated to graduating officers for the Afghan Armed Forces. This accounts for the dryness of the climate. It is bounded to the east and south by Pakistan (including those areas of Kashmir administered by Pakistan but claimed by India), to the west by Iran, and to the north by the Central Asian states of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. The citadel of Alexander in the western city of Herat has been renovated in recent years and is a popular attraction. The French Medical Institute for Children and Indira Gandhi Children's Hospital in Kabul are the leading children's hospitals in the country. In Afghanistan, Nowruz is typically celebrated with music and dance, as well as holding buzkashi tournaments. [317], Telecommunication services in Afghanistan are provided by Afghan Telecom, Afghan Wireless, Etisalat, MTN Group, and Roshan. When the Hindu Kush itself reaches a point some 100 miles (160 km) north of Kabul, it spreads out and continues westward as a series of ranges under the names of Bābā, Bāyan, Sefīd Kūh (Paropamisus), and others, and each section in turn sends spurs in different directions. ", "Chapter 1: Religious Composition of Afghanistan", "Afghanistan: Sikhs rebuilding gurdwaras", "Afghan Jew Becomes Country's One and Only", "International Religious Freedom Report 2009", "Christians in Afghanistan: A Community of Faith and Fear", "Unravelling the Afghan art of carpet weaving", "The Supreme Court Chief Justice Biography", "Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 Results", "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says", "Afghanistan president Ashraf Ghani and rival Abdullah Abdullah reach power-sharing deal", "Afghan president and rival strike power-sharing deal after feuding for months", "Loya jirga approves U.S.-Afghan security deal; asks Karzai to sign", "Karzai Gets New Term as Afghan Runoff is Scrapped", "RAWA Photo Gallery: They are Responsible for Afghanistan's Tragedy", https://www.boell.de/sites/default/files/Afghanistan_s_Parliament_in_the_Making-Endf.pdf, "Women in Parliaments: World Classification", "Afghanistan sees new political parties form", "For Afghan Officials, Prospect of Death Comes With Territory", "Explaining Elections, Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan", "An Assessment of Afghanistan's Municipal Governance Framework", "Hillary Clinton says Afghanistan 'major non-Nato ally, "Security Council endorses establishment of UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan for initial 12-month period", "Resolute Support Mission: Key Facts and Figures", "Afghan National Security Forces Order of Battle", "Afghanistan's dysfunctional security agencies", "Afghanistan Descends 3 Points on Press Freedom Index", "Afghan journalists 'face increasing attacks and threats' – report", "Violence Against Journalists Surges in Afghanistan in 2017", "Afghanistan: No Country for Women | International Women's Day | Al Jazeera", "240 cases of honor killing recorded in Afghanistan", "AIHRC: 400 rape, honor killings registered in Afghanistan in 2 years", "The LGBT community living under threat of death", "LGBT relationships are illegal in 74 countries, research finds", "The revised Afghanistan criminal code: an end for Bacha Bazi? 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